Why Do My Eyeballs Hurt? Common Causes and Solutions

Why do my eyeballs hurt?

Why do my eyeballs hurt? Eye pain can occur for various reasons, such as infections, allergies, or injuries to the eye. It may be accompanied by redness, swelling, or difficulty in vision.

Seeking medical attention is crucial if the pain is severe and persistent or other concerning symptoms are present.

This article explores common causes of eye pain, from infections and allergies to corneal abrasions and uveitis.

It also provides information on seeking relief through home remedies and medical treatments and tips for preventing eye pain through proper eye care and regular check-ups.

Table of Contents

Recognizing Severe Eye Pain

Severe eye pain is intense and can significantly impact your daily activities. Experiencing unbearable, sharp, or stabbing pain in your eyes may indicate a painful underlying condition that requires immediate medical attention.

Persistent Eye Pain and Redness

If your eye pain persists for a prolonged period, lasting more than a few days despite rest and home remedies, it is recommended to consult a doctor.

Similarly, if your eyes appear consistently red or inflamed, it could indicate an underlying issue that requires a medical examination.

Other Concerning Symptoms

Aside from severe pain and persistent redness, other symptoms warrant medical attention, including:

  • Changes in vision, such as blurred or double vision
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Excessive tearing or discharge from the eyes
  • Headaches accompanied by eye pain
  • Fever, nausea, or vomiting
  • Recent trauma or injury to the eye

If you experience any of these symptoms besides eye pain, it is crucial to seek prompt medical evaluation to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment.

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Causes of Eye Pain

Eye pain can arise from various underlying causes, from infections to irritation and inflammation. Understanding these causes is crucial in determining the appropriate treatment for relief. The following subsections outline some common causes of eye pain:

Infections: Eye Infections and Pink Eye

Eye infections, such as bacterial or viral conjunctivitis (commonly known as pink eye), can lead to eye pain, redness, and discharge.

These infections are often contagious and can spread easily through direct or indirect contact. Prompt medical attention and proper hygiene practices are vital to prevent the infection from worsening or spreading to others.

Dry Eyes: Symptoms and Treatment

Dry eyes occur when the eyes do not produce enough tears or when the tears evaporate too quickly. This condition can cause discomfort, including eye pain, redness, itching, and a gritty sensation.

Dry eyes can result from various factors such as aging, hormonal changes, environmental conditions, or certain medications.

Treatment may involve using artificial tears, avoiding dry environments, and implementing lifestyle changes to promote better tear production and retention.

Eye Irritation from Allergies or Irritants

Allergies and exposure to irritants like smoke, dust, or chemicals can lead to eye irritation and pain. Common symptoms may include redness, itching, tearing, and swelling of the eyes.

Managing allergies through avoidance of triggers, eye drops, or prescribed medications can help alleviate eye pain caused by these irritants.

Corneal Abrasion: Causes and Care

A corneal abrasion refers to a scratch or cut on the cornea, the eye's clear front surface. It can cause severe eye pain, redness, sensitivity to light, and excessive tearing.

Corneal abrasions can occur due to foreign bodies, contact lens misuse, or eye trauma. Immediate medical attention is necessary to prevent complications and promote proper healing.

Uveitis: Inflammation of the Uvea

Uveitis is characterized by inflammation of the uvea, which encompasses the iris, ciliary body, and choroid.

The typical symptoms are eye pain, redness, blurred vision, and light sensitivity. Uveitis can occur due to infections, autoimmune disorders, or underlying systemic conditions.

Timely diagnosis and treatment by an ophthalmologist are essential to manage uveitis effectively and prevent potential complications.

Sinus Infection and Eye Pain

A sinus infection, or sinusitis, can cause referred eye pain. Sinus congestion and inflammation can lead to discomfort around the eyes, forehead, or temples.

Other symptoms may include nasal congestion, headaches, and facial pressure. Appropriate medical treatment of sinusitis can help alleviate associated eye pain.

Autoimmune Conditions and Eye Pain

Autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or Sjögren's syndrome, can manifest eye-related symptoms, including pain, dryness, redness, and inflammation.

These conditions may affect various eye parts, leading to discomfort and potential vision problems.

Collaborative management between an ophthalmologist and a rheumatologist is crucial for effectively addressing eye pain associated with autoimmune conditions.

Identifying the specific cause of eye pain requires a comprehensive evaluation by an eye care professional.

Prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help relieve discomfort, preserve vision, and promote overall eye health.

Seeking Relief: Home Remedies and Medical Treatments

When dealing with eye pain, there are several approaches you can take to find relief and alleviate discomfort.

From over-the-counter remedies to medical treatments, here are some options worth considering:

Over-the-Counter Eye Drops for Relief

Over-the-counter eye drops can temporarily relieve mild eye pain caused by dryness, allergies, or minor irritations.

Look for eye drops specifically formulated to address your symptoms, such as lubricating drops for dry eyes or antihistamine drops for allergic reactions.

Remember to follow the instructions carefully and consult a pharmacist if you have concerns.

Utilizing Warm Compresses and Eye Masks

Warm compresses or eye masks can help relax your muscles and reduce discomfort. Moisten a clean washcloth with warm water (not hot) and gently place it over your closed eyes for 10 to 15 minutes.

Alternatively, you can use pre-made eye masks that can be heated and applied following the manufacturer's instructions. These methods relieve dry eyes, strain, and mild eye pain.

When to Seek Medical Attention

While many cases of eye pain can be managed at home, knowing when to seek medical attention is essential.

If your eye pain is severe, persistent, or accompanied by concerning symptoms such as changes in your vision, fever, or vomiting, it's crucial to consult a healthcare professional promptly.

Additionally, if you have an eye injury or experience sudden and intense eye pain, you should visit an emergency room or contact your healthcare provider immediately.

Prescription Medication for Eye Pain

Sometimes, your healthcare provider may prescribe specific medications to address the underlying causes of your eye pain.

These can include antibiotic or antiviral eye drops for infections; corticosteroid eye drops to reduce inflammation, or oral medications to relieve symptoms associated with certain eye conditions.

It is essential to strictly follow your healthcare professional's instructions regarding dosage and duration of treatment.

Lifestyle Changes and Diet for Eye Health

In addition to specific treatments, lifestyle changes, and a healthy diet can contribute to overall eye health and potentially reduce eye pain.

Protecting your eyes from excessive sunlight by wearing sunglasses with UV protection, taking regular breaks from screens to reduce eye strain, adjusting lighting conditions, and incorporating eye-healthy nutrients into your diet, such as leafy greens and omega-3 fatty acids, can all play a role in promoting eye comfort and wellness.

  • Wear sunglasses with UV protection to shield your eyes from harmful sun rays.
  • Take frequent breaks from digital screens to reduce eye strain and fatigue.
  • Improve lighting conditions by using ambient or task lighting for optimal visibility.
  • Incorporate eye-healthy foods into your diet, including leafy greens, citrus fruits, and fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Stay hydrated to maintain adequate moisture levels in your eyes.

Remember, these suggestions are general guidelines, and consulting with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and treatment is essential.

Preventing Eye Pain

Proper eye care and hygiene should be a priority in maintaining your eye health and preventing eye pain.

Following these simple practices can significantly reduce the risk of eye discomfort and potential complications.

Proper Eye Care and Hygiene

To promote healthy eyes and prevent pain, ensure you follow these essential eye care practices:

  • Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes, as this can introduce harmful bacteria and irritants.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly before touching your eyes or applying any eye drops or medications.
  • Remove your makeup carefully, especially around the eyes, to prevent debris from entering and causing irritation.
  • Regularly clean your contact lenses according to the instructions provided by your eye care professional.
  • Replace contact lens cases frequently to prevent bacterial growth.
  • Protect your eyes from harmful substances and chemicals by wearing safety glasses or goggles when engaging in activities that pose a risk to your eyes.
  • Avoid sharing personal items that come in contact with the eye, such as towels, eye makeup, or contact lenses, as this can spread infections.

Protective Eyewear and UV Protection

Protecting your eyes from potential hazards and harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation is crucial for preserving your eye health and preventing discomfort. Consider the following:

  • Wear sunglasses with UV protection outdoors, even on cloudy days.
  • Choose sunglasses that provide 100% UVA and UVB protection.
  • Wear protective eyewear, such as safety glasses, goggles, or face shields, when participating in activities that could result in eye injuries, such as sports or construction work.

Taking Breaks from Screens and Adjusting Lighting

Prolonged exposure to screens and poor lighting conditions can strain your eyes and contribute to eye pain. Here's what you can do:

  • Take regular breaks using digital devices like computers, tablets, and smartphones. Follow the 20-20-20 rule: every 20 minutes, look away from the screen and focus on an object at least 20 feet away for 20 seconds.
  • Ensure proper lighting when working or reading. Avoid glare and adjust your screens' brightness and contrast settings to reduce eye strain.
  • Position your computer screen at a comfortable distance, about arm's length away, and slightly below eye level to reduce neck and eye strain.

Regular Eye Exams and Maintaining Vision Health

Schedule regular comprehensive eye exams with a qualified eye care professional. These exams can help detect any underlying eye conditions early on and provide suitable treatment. Follow these guidelines:

  • Adults aged 18-60 should undergo a comprehensive eye exam every 2 years.
  • Individuals aged 61 and older should have an eye exam annually.
  • If you have a pre-existing eye condition or wear contact lenses, consult with your eye care specialist to determine the appropriate frequency of exams.

Remember, prevention is critical to maintaining optimal eye health and preventing eye pain. By practicing proper eye care, protecting your eyes from potential hazards, taking breaks from screens, and ensuring regular eye exams, you can potentially reduce the risk of eye discomfort and maintain good vision health for years to come.

DISCLAIMER: buildyourbody.org does not provide medical advice, examination, or diagnosis.

Medically reviewed and approved by Nataniel Josue M D.