Spots and darkening that occurs on the skin is a common problem on our face. Today our dermatologist will answer the question. How can I lighten my skin? Yes, that problem that many of us suffer can be solved or at least attenuated.

To lighten the face, you should use sunscreen daily to prevent spots and unevenness produced by sun exposure. Also, the daily use of lightening creams containing ingredients such as lactic acidsebacic acidkojic acid, or salicylic acid, which are very beneficial for whitening the face.

Thanks to the different masks, foods that you must consume, aesthetic treatments, and natural depigmenting that we will present to you in the following article, you can recover your skin’s natural tone, without so many complications but with constancy.

What produces skin pigmentation?

Skin pigmentation depends on melanin, which is stimulated by sun exposure and produces hyperpigmentation. From the age of 20, you begin to notice changes in the face, with small darkening in some areas manifested as spots or uneven tones in the face.

Most of these spots are due to sun exposure, so the most important thing is to protect your skin from sun exposure, covering it and using sunscreen daily, so you can avoid this problem from getting worse.

Types of sunspots on skin

Ephelides or freckles

Ephelides or freckles are pigments that accumulate brown, round, and deformed, often located in areas that are more exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, arms, shoulders.

Nevi or moles

The melanocytes deposits that are in various parts of the skin produces Nevi or moles. They are frequent, and there are different types of moles; but you must pay attention if they suffer from any change in their color, growth, or uniformity.

Melanoma

Melanoma is a malignant tumor that is often confused with moles. It is similar to a pigmented spot but has an asymmetric growth. Its borders are irregular, and its coloring is more intense in some areas than others. It can turn into a bluish color.

Simple and solar lentigines

Lentigines are small spots with a slightly brownish coloring. They appear anywhere on the body and are different from freckles because they do not change color when exposed to the sun.

Melasma

Melanoma is a malignant tumor that is often confused with moles. It is similar to a pigmented spot but has an asymmetric growth. Its borders are irregular, and its coloring is more intense in some areas than others. It can turn into a bluish color.

How to prevent the appearance of skin spots?

How to prevent the skin from getting dark? Now I’m going to give you a series of tips so that this problem does not occur.

  • Use sunscreen daily on your face and body.
  • Apply depigmentation creams daily in the morning and at night.
  • When you do outdoor activities in the most dangerous hours, use a hat.
  • Also, use sunscreen on your lips, as they are a forgotten area where small spots and freckles also appear around. 

How can I lighten my skin naturally?

How can I lighten my skin naturally?

Home remedies to whiten the face.

Lemon juice

How to use a lemon to lighten the skin? Yes, although you may find it incredible, this citrus fruit has excellent properties for our skin.

The lemon contains vitamin C and citric acid that benefits the skin, like helping it in the cellular renovation. This ingredient works if you take it or apply it directly to your face as a mask and then rinse it off with cold water.

Aloe Vera

 It is an excellent plant that serves to whiten the skin, providing it with nutrition and hydration. You can apply the gel directly to the face, but not without first washing it very well.

You may be interested in “What is aloe vera used for?.”

Rice water

This remedy is one of the most popular for smooth and hydrated, healthy and blemish-free skin. The rice water contains antioxidants that prevent hormonal spots and sunburn, decrease those that have appeared previously, and prevent aging signs.

Preparation:

  • To make the water wash, you need 1 cup of rice.
  • Wait for it to dry completely and pour it into a container with 2 cups of water covering it.
  • Let it rest for approximately 30 minutes. 
  • When this time has elapsed, strain it, and this water will be kept in a jar with a lid. It can last between 5 and 7 days. 
  •  If by any chance during this time the water picks up another aroma, don’t worry. That happens because the water has fermented, and its effects will be more potent.

How to use it:

  • Before going to bathe, moisten your face with this water to eliminate all the dermis impurities.
  • Let it act for 15 minutes and then remove it for better results with warm water.

Egg and rice mask

Ingredients:

  • One egg.
  • 3 cups of water.
  • One spoonful of almond oil.
  • 1/2 cup of brown rice.

Preparation:

  • Put the rice to cook for 20 minutes at low heat.
  • Separate the water from the rice using a strainer.
  • Then mix the rice with the egg and the almond oil until you get a homogeneous paste. 
  • Then apply it to your face and neck.
  • After 15 or 20 minutes, remove it with cold water.

Rice and almond oil mask

Ingredients: 

  • 1/2 cup of rice.
  • One spoonful of almond oil.
  • 1/2 cup of water.

Preparation:

  • The first thing you will do is wash the rice very well to eliminate the starch it contains. For this, you will have to rinse it several times until the water comes out transparent. 
  • After that, put the rice in the fire with the water.
  • Please wait until all the rice’s liquid is dry; it will have a sticky and spongy consistency.
  • Then with the help of a fork grind, the rice grains until it becomes a homogeneous paste.
  • Then add the spoonful of almond oil, mix well, and wait to cool down before applying it to the face. 
  • Let this mask work for 20 minutes.
  • Finally, remove it with a damp towelette, wash your face with neutral soap and warm water, and then apply a moisturizing cream.

Oatmeal and lemon mask

Ingredients:

  • Two tablespoons of ground oats.
  • Juice of half a lemon.

Preparation:

  • In a recipient, mix the oats with the lemon juice until you get a paste. 
  • Apply on the face and let it act for 15 minutes.
  • Then remove it with warm water.
  • When you finish, apply a moisturizer, and you will see that little by little, your natural skin tone will recover.

Milk and oatmeal

 Ingredients.

  • Four spoonfuls of milk.
  • One cup of ground oats.

Preparation:

  • Mix the two ingredients in a bowl and apply to the face.
  • Leave it on for 10 to 15 minutes and then rinse with cold water. 
  • With this mask, you will get the milk to whiten your skin, while the oatmeal will remove excess fat, dead cells, and blackheads.

Bicarbonate of soda mask

How do you rinse the skin with baking soda? Bicarbonate is an antacid that, thanks to its chemical composition, effectively reduces spots and fine wrinkles.

 To reduce spots on the face with baking soda, you will need

  • 1/2 glass of mineral water.
  • A few drops of lemon juice.
  • Two spoonfuls of bicarbonate of soda.

Preparation:

  • In a container, mix the ingredients until you get an emulsion.
  • Then apply it directly to the face’s spots, leaving it to act between 8 to 10 minutes. Be careful not to place it around the eyes. 
  • Rinse with plenty of water

While using this emulsion, do not expose yourself to the sun because it can irritate your skin or stain it even more. Repeat this process every two weeks. If you notice any irritation stop the treatment immediately.

What foods help you whiten your skin? Foods to lighten skin

Food can help prevent spots and lighten the skin; vegetables and fruits contain antioxidants that protect the epidermis from aggressions. Also, foods containing Omega 6 and Omega 3, including salmon, nuts, and sardines, improve skin elasticity.

Natural yogurt

To lighten the skin with the natural yogurt, you can ingest it or apply it as a mask on your face. If you consume it, it will leave your skin soft thanks to its moisturizing properties, and if you place it as a mask on your face, it will cleanse the dead cells and blackheads on your face.

Chia

These seeds protect the cell membranes, which defend the skin from dryness and uneven pigmentation.

Orange

Ideally, it should be consumed as a juice every day since this fruit contains high vitamin C levels. This vitamin helps in the production of collagen to keep the skin brighter. It also protects it from environmental damage caused by free radicals.

Oats

If you include oats in your diet, you will get smooth and clear skin. This cereal contains many proteins that help hydrate the face and, therefore, a uniform whitening of the face.

Rice

When you consume rice, you manage to regulate blood pressure and balance the blood’s cholesterol levels responsible for the skin’s health. When you prepare it, try to do it with a little salt and adding vegetables.

If you wish to apply it on your face, place the rice water on your face, leave it on for 10 minutes, and then rinse it off. To achieve a whiter tone and remove blemishes from your skin, use it daily.

Almonds

This food is rich in vitamin E. This vitamin prevents the consequences of solar radiation on the dermis. When you expose your face to the sun for a long time, it causes hyperpigmentation and fights it. I recommend you to eat a lot of almonds.

Salmon and tuna

These fish have many vitamins like biotin, an active ingredient to regenerate and prevent the skin’s hyperpigmentation. Besides, it contains the scaly texture of the dermis and maintains the silkiness of the skin.

Sweet potato

It is a vitamin A source with properties that help clarify the skin spots if applied in a mask. It is also rich in water that maintains the humidity of the skin.

Cosmetic procedures to lighten skin

To diminish the spots and scars of the face, use products that contain NiacinamideAscorbic Acid, and Vitamin C.

Lightening creams

Lightening creams are the most common products on the market. Their continuous but moderate use guarantees positive results, which visibly reduce the spots that have been produced by acne or direct exposure to UV rays. After the treatment, the time indicated with the lightening cream, the face is usually left to rest for 28 days.

Lightening creams usually contain different acids, such as ascorbic, azelaic, arbutin, bionic, retinoid, or salicylic acid. All these ingredients have lightening properties. Some are stronger than others. To test your skin’s sensitivity, apply a small amount behind your ears, and watch for a reaction.

Exfoliants

With the exfoliation, we achieve the skin’s desquamation through the use of chemicals on the dermis. The exfoliants’ function is to renew the dermis layer and eliminate imperfections to obtain a uniform color.

You may be interested in “What is the best way to exfoliate your face?.”

Serum

The serums are concentrate on vitamins, acids, or essential oils. That makes the benefits more significant. They also help increase the natural restoration of skin cells for a uniform effect on skin color. Besides, the serum acts without wearing down the layers of the epidermis.

You may be interested in “What are the benefits of face serum?.”

Skin whitening blisters 

They are much more concentrated than moisturizers due to their high content of active ingredients. These ampoules contain a cocktail of large amounts of ingredients that help improve skin tone in a short time.

Skin whitening treatments

Laser

They are used to minimize skin imperfections or dark spots. Their primary function is to remove the skin’s outer layer or damage the cells that produce melamine.

The results of laser whitening are perfect for whitening the skin. However, in some cases, they can be temporary.

Chemical Peels 

It is the most used method to whiten the skin. It consists of applying solutions that peel the skin to exfoliate the darker and more pigmented skin.

This treatment is especially indicated for skin spots, uneven pigmentation, and wrinkles.

In 2010, a scientific study was published in the JCAD ( Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology ). This study concluded that chemical peels effectively treat dermatological problems such as photodamage, acne, scars, and melasma.

Microdermabrasion

What is microdermabrasion? We have all heard about this process, and I will explain to you what it is.

Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive process that consists of applying slight diamond abrasions that exceptionally exfoliate the entire surface of the skin. It is ideal for patients with sequelae of acne, scars, blemishes, or wish to improve their skin appearance.

This process is not painful or disabling. After this treatment, the patient can return to their daily activities.

Homemade depigmenting, natural ways to depigment skin

What is the best depigmentation treatment? Now I am going to indicate some home treatments that will help the depigmentation of your skin.

Depigmentation lotion with onions

 Ingredients:

  • 1/2 onion.
  • One teaspoon of wine vinegar

 Preparation:

  • Cut the onion into small squares and add vinegar.
  • Let the ingredients integrate for a while. 
  • Apply this depigmenting lotion to the face’s dark areas with a cotton ball moistened in this mixture.
  • Leave on for 15 minutes and remove it with your daily makeup remover.
  • Rinse with soap and water.

Grape skin depigmenting mask

Ingredients:

  • Five grapes.
  • One spoonful of cornflour.

Preparation:

  • Make a puree with the grapes without the skin and add the spoonful of cornflour.
  • Mix very well.
  • Apply it with a brush on the face in the form of a mask.
  • Leave it on for 30 minutes and rinse it with warm water. 
  • Make this mask 1 go per week.

Homemade oatmeal cream

 Ingredients:

  • Three spoonfuls of oat flour.
  • Two spoonfuls of olive oil.
  • Ten crushed grape seeds.
  • Two spoonfuls of mandarin juice.

Preparation:

  • Mix the olive oil with the oat flour until it forms a homogeneous paste. 
  • Add the tangerine juice, the grape seeds, stir well.
  • Apply it to the face in the evenings and mornings with a gentle massage for a few seconds.
  • Repeat this procedure until you get an improvement.

Conclusion

If you use these remedies that we have taught you, you will manage to clear your face with constancy and effort. It would be best if you also chose the creams and treatments that best suit your skin type. Whenever you apply a new product, first perform a sensitivity test on a small area of your body.

To clarify your face, the main thing to keep in mind is that many of the spots and uneven skin tone are produced by sun exposure. Use sunscreen daily to prevent them from coming out. Also, the daily use of lightening creams that contain ingredients such as lactic acid, sebacic acid, kojic acid, or salicylic acid is of great benefit to whitening the face.